‘‘Long-term and Intergenerational Effects of Education: Evidence from School Construction in Indonesia,’’ will be presented by Marieke Kleemans, assistant professor of economics, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champagne.
We study the long-term and intergenerational effects of additional education, focusing on Indonesia’s 1970s school construction program, one of the largest ever conducted. Exploiting variation across birth cohorts and districts in the number of schools built suggests education benefits for men and women persist 43 years after the program.
Exposed men are more likely to be formal workers, work outside agriculture, and migrate. Exposed women migrate more and have fewer children. Households have improved living standards and pay more government taxes. Education benefits are transmitted to their children, with larger intergenerational effects if mothers, instead of fathers, are exposed to school construction. Intergenerational effects appear larger for daughters and appear to be driven by improved marriage partner’s characteristics, including more education and secure employment.
Sponsored by the Department of Economics Annual Speakers Series.